When puppies bite
If the puppy bites, this is completely normal at first. However, you should stop the puppy from biting, because this behaviour should not be tolerated. Here you can find out why a puppy bites, what "bite inhibition" means and how you can stop puppies from biting.
The so-called "bite inhibition" is a behavior among dogs, which ensures that dogs do not seriously injure themselves by bites. The bite inhibition describes the ability of a dog to control and manage its bite in its intensity. This ability is ideally learned playfully between the 4th and 16th week of life of a puppy. The mother dog and the litter siblings are the best teachers here, because they clearly show through their behavior when a puppy has gone too far.
All puppies bite at first, because puppies have to learn the bite inhibition first. They have to learn to use their sharp teeth well dosed. Already early one should deal with the bite inhibition and practice this with his beloved quadruped. It is important that neither humans nor other dogs are hurt. Already as a puppy in contact with litter siblings, the dogs learn very quickly to use their teeth appropriately. With humans, however, this must be trained well. Here it is important that humans can touch their dog anywhere and can interrupt a game with the puppy at any time. Because quickly fun becomes serious. Dogs without bite inhibition are dangerous. Therefore it is important for the dog to learn to accept a clear no.
You can stop your puppy from biting by giving him clear signals and commands, which you can also implement consistently. "No" means "no" and not "maybe sometime". If you say no, then your dog should stop his action immediately. This certainly requires patience and consistency, but it offers security for the future. Even a loud AU could serve as a command to make the puppy stop biting. Within a few days the dog will learn how far he can go and what hurts you. Also the clothing is spared by this training in the long run. If the training is not immediately successful with particularly ambitious dogs, it is okay to give a slight physical rebuke in addition to the sharp no. Hold on and press down lightly might be appropriate then.
Use and train bite inhibition
Puppies train the bite inhibition already among litter siblings. You should build on this, because your puppy must understand that human skin is easier to hurt than dog skin protected by fur. Think about whether it is basically okay for you if your dog takes your hand in his muzzle while playing. Of course, this also depends on your environment and whether your puppy plays with children.
React immediately if the puppy bites and growls
If your puppy snaps, bites into your clothes, or your puppy bites and growls, react immediately with as bright a cry as possible. Break off the game and turn away. The outcry imitates the squeaking of an overly maltreated litter and encourages the puppy to stop. So you can stop your puppy from biting.
Stay authentic, to be able to stop biting
If a loud howling does not suit you, do not try to change your nature. One of the most important rules in dog training is to stay authentic. Your dog will immediately notice when you try to change your attitude. In this case, think of a termination signal such as "Stop" or "Off" and use this command instead.
There are still dog owners who talk to their dogs in whole sentences when training their puppy. Unfortunately, the dog does not understand the message, so you have to train yourself again and again to give clear commands. Let your puppy play with dogs of the same size and age as you. In doing so they learn for life.
No muzzle grip
Neck shaking, a muzzle grip or similar things should be taboo, because the dog can't meaningfully combine this with the action you want to do.
Don't play too wild rough-and-tumble games within the family, as something can happen quickly. In addition, the dog does not understand why he may bite once into the hand and then again not.
Quit the game immediately if your puppy bites
As soon as your puppy bites you or tampers with clothes, end the game immediately. If your puppy bites your trouser leg when you finish the game, leave the room quickly without comment with a clear "no". You'll see, this will have an effect.
If your puppy doesn't react to the game stop and keep on playing, give him a short break. Put him in a transport box or leash him for a short time. This is not a punishment, but only to make him relax. If your protégé calms down or accepts your abort, start the game again and he may continue to test the dosage of his strength. Soon your dog will normally understand how careful he has to be with you. If this does not lead to success either, you may consider turning the tables: Scare your puppy! Play theater and mime the alpha animal that pretends to snap for a moment. Growl, press him down briefly (but not too hard) and turn away after this rebuke. This could have a lasting effect.
No puppy is born aggressive. Only the human being or missing experiences with other animals or situations can lead to the fact that a dog becomes aggressive with the time. It is therefore important to socialize a puppy well. The easiest way to do this is to have as much contact as possible with different people and also dogs at an early age. Then there is no reason to be afraid of screaming children or big men. Exactly such unknown situations can lead to a puppy being insecure, which can result in aggressive behavior. The same applies to other pets, a vacuum cleaner, the letter carrier or driving a car. The more situations a puppy gets to know and can be classified as harmless, the less the risk that he might be aggressive.